TheInternational Institute for Iranian Studies (Rasanah) has published its AnnualStrategic Report for 2019 which reviews the most prominent events in Iranian affairsand provides readers, especially those interested in Iranian Affairs, acomprehensive insight and an in-depth analysis of Iran.
The report is divided into three main parts:
TheIdeological File with in the Internal Affairs part shows the efforts theIranian ruling system exerted to improve its image at home through thedismissal of Friday prayer leaders accused of corruption and abuse of power.
ThePolitical File explains why Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called for apopular referendum on the country's relations with the West amidst the collapseof the nuclear deal, given the fact that Rouhani previously called for areferendum on the powers granted to him in a bid to mitigate the harshcriticism he faced.
Youread in The Economic File that the Iranian government had to make amendments toits national budget four months after its approval due to the deterioratingeconomic conditions as well as the implications of corruption for Iran at theideological and political levels.
TheMilitary File unveils the moral support Iran received after it shot down anAmerican drone and seized a UK oil tanker.
TheArab Affairs part reveals that the comprehensive peace process in Yemen wasthwarted by the complexities of the Yemeni crisis along with its variouspolitical components and by creating a strategic vacuum that has entrenched theHouthi presence in Yemen with Iran's support.
In2019, Iraq turned into a battlefield between the United States and Iran.
Thisled the Iraqi people to launch massive protests over Iran's sectarian andgeopolitical project targeting their country.
Facedwith furious competition from Russia in Syria, Iran resorted to using economicand military tools to effect demographic change serving the interests of theShiites and to make Syria a vassal state of Tehran. The protests in Lebanon starkly exposed theextent of corruption and the deteriorating economic and political conditionsresulting from Iranian hegemony over Lebanon through its proxy group, Hezbollah.
TheInternational Affairs section highlights how the United States advanced itsmaximum pressure campaign on Iran, affecting Iran's domestic stability. Iranwagered on its policy of challenging Washington through circumventing USsanctions and uniting its domestic front.
Inthe context of Russian-Iranian relations, 2019 can be called the year of mutualagreements between the two countries. Iran attempted to compensate for its dropin trade volumes with America and Europe by boosting its relations withRussia. Despite the activation of INSTEXto enable trade between Europe and Iran, the Europeans in general aligned morewith the US position.
Inthe context of Iran-China relations, Beijing continued its economic cooperationwith Tehran but partially stopped its imports of Iranian oil. The rising tradewar between Washington and Beijing provoked further developments in itsrelations with Tehran. India, despiteits growing relationship with Washington, sees that its relationship withTehran is quite significant due to many thorny issues; most predominantlyIran's vital role in creating a strategic alliance with India to confront theChinese-Pakistan alliance.
Turkeyand Iran prefer to deal with each other by dividing their bilateralrelationship into separate issues— while direct confrontation and competitionmark their relationship in Syria.
Throughanalyzing the previously mentioned interrelated files on Iranian affairs,Rasanah's Annual Strategic Report provides research and analysis regardingIranian affairs on three levels: the internal, Arab and international levels,forecasting possible scenarios for 2020.